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Thalassemia disease is a group of inherited autosomal recessive blood disorders, in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen thus causing anemia, the characteristic presenting symptom of the thalassemias. Patient with thalassemia
will get regular blood transfusion to treat his anemia, These transfusions can lead to a build-up of iron which can be harmful and this can cause serious side effects including diabetes, heart failure and liver disease.
The iron overload related to thalassemia may be treated by chelation therapy with medications such as Desferrioxamine, Deferiprone or Deferasirox. Medications therapy in thalassemia can be used to remove excess iron from the blood, This may have severe side effects and must be carefully monitored.